Types of Fear and Anxiety
There are many different types of fear and anxiety problems. The most common fear and anxiety problems among children and adolescents are:
- Specific Phobia
extreme and unreasonable fear of a specific object or situation such as dogs, loud noises, or the dark.collapse
- Social Phobia
- extreme and unreasonable fear of being embarrassed or humiliated in front of other children or adults. Children with Social Phobia may avoid such places as school, restaurants, and parties.
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder
- persistent and excessive worry about a number of events or activities. Children may worry about their school performance, their social relationships, and their health or the health of others. Children with Generalized Anxiety Disorder may seek constant reassurance and approval from others to help alleviate their worry.
- Separation Anxiety Disorder
- excessive anxiety about separation from home or loved ones. Children may have unrealistic worries about harm to self or significant others during periods of separation, reluctance to sleep alone or be alone, physical complaints, and show signs of distress in anticipation of separation.
- Panic Disorder/Agoraphobia
- repeated intense episodes of extreme anxiety, usually lasting approximately fifteen minutes. Children may feel they are near fainting or even death. Panic disorder can often be accompanied by Agoraphobia, which is a reluctance to go to certain places or a need to be accompanied because of the fear of experiencing a panic attack.
- Selective mutism
- consistent failure to speak in specific social situations, such as school, despite speaking in other situations. Selective mutism is not due to communication disorder or pervasive developmental delays.
- School avoidant behavior
- full and/or partial absenteeism from school. Children also may show morning misbehaviors to avoid school or they may attend school but under severe duress.
- Test Anxiety
- concentration difficulties during tests due to worry or anxiety, leading to impairment in school performance. Children also may show excessive worry or anxiety about future tests.